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Knowledgebase : WordPress > Glossary
COMMENTS provide your website's visitors a platform to communicate with you and other readers. It allows them to add their input on the topic, ask questions, and provide feedback. They allows for community interaction around your content. WordPress come...
CUSTOM BACKGROUNDS is a theme feature in WordPress which allows theme developers to enable support for background color and image customizations. If custom backgrounds support is enabled in a theme, then the users can upload their own background images to...
CUSTOM FIELDS, also referred to as post meta, is a feature in WordPress which allows users to add additional information when writing a post. WordPress stores this information as meta data. Users can display this meta data by using template tags in their ...
CUSTOM HEADERS is a WordPress theme feature which allows theme developers to enable support for customization of the header image. When custom headers support is enabled in a theme, the users can replace the default image used in the theme's header with t...
The Featured Image (also known as post thumbnail) is a WordPress theme feature which allows theme developers to add support for using a representative image for posts, pages, or custom post types. Even though Featured Image is the official term of this Wo...
FILTERS are functions that WordPress uses to pass data through. Passing data through filters allows developers to modify the default behavior of a specific function. Functions used to filter data are called hooks. Filters and Actions together allow develo...
In WordPress theme and development, Hooks are functions that can be applied to an Action or a Filter in WordPress. Actions and Filters in WordPress are functions that can be modified by theme and plugin developers to change the default WordPress functiona...
The Media Settings is a sub panel located under SETTINGS » MEDIA. An administrator can define settings for WordPress media uploads in this sub panel. The first option on this page is for image sizes. When a user uploads an image, WordPress saves the ori...
Navigation Menus, or simply Menus, are a WordPress theme feature which allows users to create navigation menus by using built-in _Menu Editor_ located in WordPress admin area under APPEARANCE » MENUS. Navigation menus allow theme designers to let users ...
POST FORMATS is an optional value added to WordPress posts which allows theme developers to define visual representation of a post. Theme developers can create themes with support for post formats. A number of post formats are available, however it is not...
POST STATUS allows users to set a workflow status for a post in WordPress. There are 8 default statuses that WordPress uses. They are published, future, draft, pending, trash, auto-draft, and inherit. A post may also have a "new" status if it was just cre...
POST TYPES is a term used to refer to different types of content in a WordPress site. In 2003, WordPress was primarily launched as a blogging platform. Posts is a common blogging terminology that stuck with WordPress as it evolved into a robust content ma...
REVISIONS is a post type and a feature in WordPress. It enables WordPress to automatically save revisions of your posts, pages, or custom post types after every 60 second while a user is working on them. Revisions were added in WordPress for two very impo...
SCREEN OPTIONS is a fly down menu button located on the top right corner of some pages in your WordPress admin area. When clicked, Screen Options menu shows options to configure the view of that particular page in your admin area. It usually contains chec...
SECURITY KEYS in WordPress are a string of random characters used for authorization and encryption of cookies generated by WordPress. These security keys can be defined by user in the wp-config.php file at any point in time. During initial installation, i...
SHORTCODES in WordPress are little bits of code that allow you to do various things with little effort. They were introduced in WordPress 2.5, and the reason to introduce them was to allow people to execute code inside WordPress posts, pages, and widgets ...
THEME OPTIONS is a custom admin page which comes with some WordPress themes. It allows users to change theme settings without modifying theme files or touching any code. These theme option pages can be very simple with a handful options or it can have ton...
THUMBNAIL SIZES is a built-in WordPress theme feature that allows theme designers and developers to define thumbnail sizes for images uploaded by the users. Often users confuse think that thumbnail sizes only apply to thumbnails or featured images. It is ...
A WordPress WIDGET is a small block that performs a specific function. You can add these widgets in sidebars also known as widget-ready areas on your web page. WordPress widgets were originally created to provide a simple and easy-to-use way of giving d...
A 500 Internal Server Error can be caused by many things, including but not limited to invalid permissions, invalid ownership, bad lines in your php.ini or .htaccess file, invalid requests in the script, and others not mentioned here. Typically this is ...
The .htaccess file is a configuration file read by the server. It is able to override many server configuration settings and can be used for authorization, cache control, website optimization, and URL rewriting. In WordPress, the .htaccess file is used ...
BACKLINK is a link one website gets from another website. Backlinks make a huge impact on a website's prominence in search engine results. This is why they are considered very useful for improving a website's SEO ranking. Search engines calculate rankings...
CATEGORY is one of the pre-defined taxonomies in WordPress. It is used to sort and group content into different sections. A website publishing content on a variety of topics can divide their website into sections using categories. Example: A news websit...
A Child Theme in WordPress is a sub theme that inherits all the functionality, features, and style of its parent theme. Child themes are a safe way to modify a WordPress theme without actually making any changes to the parent theme's files. When the paren...
A CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OR CMS is a software that facilitates creating, editing, organizing, and publishing content. WordPress is a Content Management System, that allows you to create and publish your content on the web. Although it is mostly used fo...
Contributor is one of the user roles in WordPress with predefined capabilities. A user with the contributor role in a WordPress site can edit and delete their own posts, but they can not edit or delete published posts. This makes contributor role an ideal...
A database is a structured, organized set of data. In computing terminology a database refers to a software used to store and organize data. Think of it as a file cabinet where you store data in different sections called tables. When you need a particular...
WordPress comes with a default theme to display the front-end of the website. This is the first theme that you see when you first Install WordPress. The user can then replace it with any other WordPress theme. The default WordPress theme is used to show...
A DOMAIN NAME is a name used to identify a website on the internet. Beneath the surface, websites are associated with IP addresses. These are basically numerical addresses that tell your browser where to find the website on the internet. To make things si...
In WordPress, filters are functions that can be hooked to an event (called hooks). During the execution when the event is triggered the filter is applied to the data output generated by the event hook. It is important to remember that filters perform thei...
In WordPress theme development terminology a fluid layout is a layout that uses proportional values as a measuring unit for blocks of content, images, or any other item that is a part of the WordPress theme. This allows the web page to stretch and contrac...
The term FOOTER usually refers to the bottom section of a web page in the web design terminology. It usually contains information like copyright notices, links to privacy policy, credits, etc. It may also contain code and scripts that a WordPress theme de...
The term HOME OR HOME PAGE is used in web development to refer to the the main page of a web site. It is often used in the navigation menus and other user interface elements of the website to direct users to the main page. By default, a WordPress website ...
A PAGE in WordPress usually refers to the page post type. It is one of the default pre-defined WordPress post types. WordPress started out as simple blogging tool which allowed users to write posts. In the year 2005, Pages were introduced in WordPress v...
A PARENT THEME in WordPress is a theme that is declared parent by a another theme, child theme. This feature in WordPress allows theme designers and developers to take advantage of a larger and robust WordPress themes and make modifications to those theme...
PINGBACK allows you to notify other bloggers that you have linked to their article on your website. Although there are some minor technical differences, a trackback is basically the same things as a pingback. If the other blogger or author has a pingbac...
PLUGIN EDITOR is a simple text editor located at PLUGINS » EDITOR. It allows users to view and edit plugin files from within your WordPress admin area. PLUGIN EDITOR has a text area where it opens the plugin files. On the right hand side, it lists all t...
The POST SLUG is the user friendly and URL valid name of a post. Most common usage of this feature is to create a permalink for each post. WordPress automatically generates post slugs from a post's title. However, it is not used in the URL until custom pe...
A PRIMARY MENU is the main menu selected as primary menu in the WordPress Menu Editor. A WordPress theme may support single or multiple navigational menus at different locations in theme. These menus can be edited using the built in WordPress Menu Editor ...
Users on a WordPress powered website can edit their profiles from the WordPress admin area. Several preferences can be set here including the admin panel color scheme, keyboard shortcuts, and the visibility of the admin bar. Although the only pieces of ...
RESPONSIVE THEMES follow the responsive web design approach which aims to create websites that offer optimal user experience across various devices and screen resolutions including desktop computers, tablets such as iPad, smartphones and other mobile devi...
In web design terminology, the term SLIDER is used for a slideshow added into a web page. There are many WordPress Slider Plugin available which allow you to create your own sliders and add them to your home page, landing pages, posts, or any where you wa...
SPLOG OR SPAM BLOG is a blog created for the sole purpose of linking to other associated websites. Some common characteristics of spam blogs are: * Splogs contain meaningless or repetitive content. Articles on similar topics are often repeated using a...
A WordPress website can have a dynamic blog-like front page, or a static front page which is used to show customized content. WordPress will default to the first option by showing all of your most recent posts on the front page. Some users prefer the seco...
A SUBSCRIBER may refer to a user role in WordPress. Usually the subscriber user role has very limited capabilities. Unless the default capabilities are changed, the subscriber user role is the most limited out of all the WordPress user roles. They can cre...
Tag is one of the pre-defined taxonomy in WordPress. Users can add tags to their WordPress posts along with categories. However, while a category may cover a broad range of topics, tags are smaller in scope and focused to specific topics. Think of them as...
In WordPress theme development, a template defines part of a web page generated by a WordPress theme. Example: header.php is a default template used in most WordPress themes. It defines the header area of web pages generated by WordPress. The header fil...
A template tag is a PHP function used to generate and display information dynamically. WordPress Themes contain different templates and theme developers use template tags to fetch and display dynamic data. WordPress has many built-in template tags that ca...
There are two types of TEXT EDITORS we refer to on WPBeginner. The first type is a computer program used for editing code. You can use these text editors to write plugins or modify your functions.php file. Example of text editors that people use are Notep...
In WordPress, a THEME is a collection of templates and stylesheets used to define the appearance and display of a WordPress powered website. They can be changed, managed, and added from the WordPress admin area under APPEARANCE » THEMES. There are sever...
The term TLD stands for Top Level Domain, and refers to the last portion of a domain name. For example, the domain name EXAMPLE.COM is part of the .COM Top Level Domain and the domain EXAMPLE.ORG is part of the .ORG Top Level Domain. Different TLDs are of...
The TOOLBAR, previously known as admin bar, is an area that is usually visible to logged in WordPress users on top of the screen. This is a full-width horizontal bar containing shortcuts to different sections of WordPress administration screens, such as '...
ADMINISTRATOR is a user role in WORDPRESS. When a user installs WordPress, it creates a new user with the username and password defined during the installation. That first user is assigned the user role of administrator. They can perform all actions on a ...
AJAX or Asynchronous Javascript and XML, is a group of techniques used in web development which allows a web page to communicate with a server without reloading the page. Using AJAX, applications on the web can exchange data with the server without interf...
Sometimes referred to as the file path or full path, the absolute path is the location of a directory or file in a computer. It contains the root directory as well as all other sub directories that contain the file or directory. Paths are used extensively...
An ACTION is a function in WordPress code that is run at certain points throughout the WordPress core. In WordPress code there are numerous pre-defined actions or hooks that allow developers to add their own code at these points. These are a part of what ...
In computer programming languages, an array is a special variable that can hold more than one value under a single name. It is possible to then access the values by referring to an index number or a text key. WordPress is written in the PHP programming ...
The term ATTACHMENT is used for files uploaded to WordPress from post edit screen. When a file is uploaded using the Add Media button from post edit screen, that file automatically becomes an attachment of that particular post. Files uploaded directly to ...
In WordPress, the term AUTHOR refers to a predefined user role. A user with author role can upload files, write, edit, publish and delete their own articles. They can also edit their profile and change their passwords. Since a user with author role has ...
In WordPress the term EDITOR may refer to a pre-defined user role in the WordPress user management system. Users with the editor role have the capability to write, edit, publish, and delete posts. This includes posts written by other users. They can also ...
An EXCERPT in WordPress is a term used for article summary with a link to the whole entry. An excerpt can be auto generated by a WordPress theme or by using the tag inside the post content. Another way to create excerpts for a WordPress post is by enterin...
An IFRAME is an inline frame used inside a webpage to load another HTML document inside it. This HTML document may also contain JavaScript and/or CSS which is loaded at the time when iframe tag is parsed by the user's browser. WordPress users often come...
APACHE OR APACHE SERVER is the most widely used web server software. Developed and maintained by Apache Software Foundation, Apache is an open source software available for free. It runs on 67% of all webservers in the world. It is fast, reliable, and sec...
ATOM is a format to publish content in XML to be used by feed readers and news aggregators. This is known as the ATOM SYNDICATION FORMAT. WordPress can automatically generate an Atom feed for content and it can be included into the header template to be a...
AUTOSAVE is a feature in WordPress which automatically saves changes made to a post, page, or custom post type. It works on the Post Edit screen. Since version 3.6, WordPress also takes advantage of the local storage feature of user's browser so that chan...
BBPRESS is free, open source forum software built on top of WordPress. It can be installed as a WordPress plugin into a WordPress powered website. Unlike older forum software, it is not clunky and doesn't take up a lot of resources. This means it is easie...
chmod is a Linux/Unix shell command which is used to change permissions of files and directories. chmod is an abbreviation of change mode. Under some web hosting environments, a user may need to use this command to change some file or directory permission...
CPANEL is a web based hosting control panel provided by many hosting providers to website owners allowing them to manage their websites from a web based interface. This program gives users a graphical interface from which they can control their portion of...
CSS OR CASCADING STYLE SHEETS is a style sheet language used to define visual appearance and formatting of HTML documents. WordPress themes use CSS and HTML to output the data generated by WordPress. Every WordPress theme contains a style.css file which h...
DEDICATED HOSTING is a term used to describe web hosting packages that provide a dedicated server with dedicated resources to a single client. Dedicated hosting plans are ideal for WordPress websites with very large number of visitors. Many WordPress host...
DNS OR DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM is a system that points a domain name to physical IP address. For example, when a user types in www.example.com in their browser and hits enter, the DNS servers resolve it to the IP address where the website is hosted. The purp...
FREE SOFTWARE is a term coined and promoted by the GNU project and Free Software Foundation. It is used for open source software which allows users to freely look at the source of the software, modify it, distribute it, and use it without any restriction....
FTP OR FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL is an internet protocol used to transfer files across the internet from one computer to another. For example, when you are installing a software like WordPress on your website, then you will most likely use FTP in order to up...
GITHUB is a project hosting service online. It is free to use for Open Source projects, and there are also paid plans available for private projects. Currently, GitHub is the most popular code-hosting service among open source developers and programmers. ...
GPL or General Public License, sometimes also called GNU GPL, is the most commonly used free software license. It was written by Richard Stallman of Free Software Foundation for GNU Project. This license allows software to be freely used, modified, and re...
JAVASCRIPT is a programming language implemented in browsers to allow client side scripting on the user end. In plain English, it allows theme developers to add dynamic elements to your websites such as a slider, display alerts, buttons, popups, etc. Wo...
In computer networking localhost literally means _"this computer"_. When you type a URL into your browser, you are essentially connecting to a "host" computer somewhere else in the world. This computer serves you the web page that you requested. If you ty...
MEDIA is a tab in your WordPress admin sidebar which is used to manage user uploads (images, audio, video, and other files). Under the Media menu, there are two screens. The first screen _Library_ lists all the files in the media library. These files can ...
MEMORY USAGE in WordPress refers to the amount of memory used by a PHP script. This script could be a theme, a plugin or a core WordPress file. A well written WordPress plugin or theme will attempt to reduce its own memory usage and not cause heavy load o...
MULTISITE is a WordPress feature which allows users to create a network of sites on a single WordPress installation. Available since WordPress version 3.0, Multisite is a continuation of WPMU or WordPress Multiuser project. WordPress MultiUser project was...
MYSQL is a database management system that is used by WordPress to store and retrieve all your blog information. Think of it this way. If your database is a filing cabinet that WordPress uses to organize and store all the important data from your website ...
Open source is a term used to describe computer programs with their source code available for everyone to study. WordPress is an open source software and any one can use, study, change and redistribute its source code. The open source software developme...
PERMALINKS are the permanent URLs of your individual blog post or page on your WordPress site. Permalinks are also referred to as pretty links. By default, WordPress URLs use the query string format which look something like this: http://www.example.com...
PHP is a programming and scripting language to create dynamic interactive websites. WordPress is written using PHP as the scripting language. Just like WordPress, PHP is also an Open Source. PHP is a server side programming language. When a user request...
A plugin is a piece of software containing a group of functions that can be added to a WordPress website. They can extend functionality or add new features to your WordPress websites. WordPress plugins are written in the PHP programming language and integ...
The POST SLUG is the user friendly and URL valid name of a post. Most common usage of this feature is to create a permalink for each post. WordPress automatically generates post slugs from a post's title. However, it is not used in the URL until custom pe...
PRESS THIS is a special browser bookmarklet which can be dragged and dropped into a browser's bookmark bar. When browsing an interesting web page, a user can click on the bookmarklet in their browser's bookmark bar to quickly post a link and their comment...
QUICKPRESS is a compact post authoring module displayed on WordPress Admin Dashboard. QuickPress allows users to quickly create posts without opening the full featured post edit screen.It has all the basic things needed quickly publish a post; hence the n...
ROBOTS.TXT is a text file which allows a website to provide instructions to web crawling bots. Search engines like Google use these web crawlers, sometimes called web robots, to archive and categorize websites. Mosts bots are configured to search for a ...
RSS, standing for Really Simple Syndication or Rich Site Summary, uses several standard web feed formats to publish content in a structured XML file for syndication. An XML file in this format is called an RSS Feed. This format allows automatic syndicatio...
RSS, standing for Really Simple Syndication or Rich Site Summary, uses several standard web feed formats to publish content in a structured XML file for syndication. An XML file in this format is called an RSS Feed. This format allows automatic syndicatio...
SEO OR SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION is a term used to describe practice and methods to optimize a web site for better representation in search results. These practices and methods are usually based on the rules and best practices provided by the major searc...
The SETTINGS tab in WordPress Admin sidebar is the central hub to configure settings for different sections of a WordPress website. It contains multiple sub-panels and many WordPress plugins also add their settings page as a menu under the Settings tab. C...
SHARED HOSTING is a term used for web hosting service plans where multiple websites share the resources of a large web server. Many WordPress web hosting providers offer shared hosting plans at extremely affordable rates ranging anywhere from $3.95 per mo...
The term SPAM is used for unwanted user content. In WordPress, it is used for unwanted content submitted by comments, user registration, posts, contact forms, or any other way. A spam message, comment, or content usually contains excessive links, links to...
SSL is an abbreviation used for Secure Sockets Layers [http://www.rfehosting.com/geotrust-ssl-certificates], which are encryption protocols used on the internet to secure information exchange and provide certificate information. These certificates provi...
TAXONOMY in WordPress is one of those things that everyone use, but they do not know that they are using it. Derived from the biological classification method Linnaean taxonomy, WordPress taxonomies are used as a way to group posts and custom post types t...
In WordPress, TERMS refers to the items in a taxonomy. For example, a website has categories books, politics, and blogging in it. While category itself is a taxonomy the items inside it are called terms. Before the custom taxonomies were introduced, W...
The Admin Area is the administrative area of a WordPress website. Usually it can be accessed by visiting the wp-admin directory in your web browser. Example: http://www.example.com/wp-admin/ [http://www.example.com/wp-admin/] The WordPress admin area is...
FUNCTIONS.PHP or the theme functions file is a template used by WordPress themes. It acts like a plugin and gets automatically loaded in both admin and front-end pages of a WordPress site. Usually this file is used to define functions, classes, actions an...
A SIDEBAR in WordPress is referred to a widget-ready area used by WordPress themes to display information that is not a part of the main content. It is not always a vertical column on the side. It can be a horizontal rectangle below or above the content a...
VISUAL EDITOR is a rich text editor in the WordPress post edit screen. The WordPress post edit screen has two editors, Visual and Text. The visual editor is a WYSIWG editor. WYSIWIG stands for "what you see is what you get" which means that however the ...
The WORDPRESS ADMIN BAR OR ADMIN BAR is a floating bar that contains useful administration screen links such as add a new post, see pending comments, edit your profile etc. It can be extended by plugins to add additional functionality for example SEO and ...
The term ADMINISTRATION SCREENS OR WORDPRESS DASHBOARD SCREEN is used to describe different sections of WordPress admin area. The reason for using the term screen and not pages is to prevent users from confusing an admin screen from Pages (post type) whic...
THEME EDITOR is a simple text editor in WordPress located at APPEARANCE » EDITOR. It allows you to modify WordPress theme files from the admin area. You can see the preview of the theme editor in the screenshot below. On the right hand of the editor, th...
The term WordPress THEME FRAMEWORK often refers to a code library that is used to facilitate development of a theme. In the old days of WordPress, there were some crucial problems with the way how themes were developed and maintained. There was no good wa...
TOOLS is a menu tab in the WordPress admin sidebar. It contains tools to perform some non-routine management tasks. With every installation of WordPress there are three options. The first is "Available Tools". Under this section there is a bookmarklet c...
TRASH in WordPress is like the Recycle Bin on your PC or Trash in your Macintosh computer. Users with the proper permission level (administrators and editors) have the ability to delete a post, page, and/or comments. When you delete the item, it is moved ...
WordPress automatically checks for UPDATES on the WordPress core as well as installed plugins and themes. WordPress highlights available updates in theDASHBOARD » UPDATES menu. From there an administrator can re-install and upgrade the WordPress core as w...
A user role defines permissions for users to perform a group of tasks. In a default WordPress installation there are some predefined roles with a predefined set of permissions. These roles are Super Admin, Administrator, Editor, Author, Contributor, and S...
VPS HOSTING is an abbreviation for Virtual Private Server hosting [http://www.rfehosting.com/vps-hosting]. Virtual Private Server hosting plans offer virtual machines to clients. The concept of virtualization is similar to shared hosting where one server ...
WAMP is sometimes used as an abbreviated name for the software stack Windows, Apache, MySQL, PHP. It is derived from LAMP which stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. As the name implies, while LAMP is used on Linux servers, WAMP is used on Windows ser...
WORDCAMP is a term used for locally organized WordPress conferences. They are paid for, attended, and organized by local WordPress communities around the globe and cover everything related to WordPress. WordCamp.org [http://www.wordcamp.org/] and the Word...
WordPress is an open source (free) content management system (CMS) that is very dynamic and used more often for publishing blogs. It is used by about 15% of the one million biggest websites. Released 2003, it has been downloaded over 32 million times sinc...
WORDPRESS.COM is a propriety blog hosting service provider. WordPress.com is not directly related to WordPress.org which is home of the most popular open source CMS software, WordPress. Even though WordPress.com blog hosting service uses WordPress at its ...
WP-CONFIG.PHP is one of the core WordPress files. It contains information about the database, including the name, host (typically _localhost_), username, and password. This information allows WordPress to communicate with the database to store and retriev...